Download E-books The Ghazi Sultans and the Frontiers of Islam: A comparative study of the late medieval and early modern periods (Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern History) PDF

Egypt

By Ali Anooshahr

The Ghazi Sultans have been frontier holy-warrior kings of overdue medieval and early glossy Islamic heritage. This ebook is a comparative examine of 3 specific Ghazis within the Muslim international at the moment, demonstrating the level to which those males have been prompted by means of the activities and writings in their predecessors in shaping process and how within which they observed themselves.

Using a wide diversity of Persian, Arabic and Turkish texts, the writer deals new findings within the background of reminiscence and self-fashioning, demonstrating thereby the price of intertextual ways to old and literary stories. the 3 major issues explored comprise the formation of the appropriate of the Ghazi king within the 11th century, the imitation thereof in 15th and early 16th century Anatolia and India, and the method of transmission of the appropriate texts. through concentrating on the philosophical questions of ‘becoming’ and ‘modelling’, Anooshahr has sought possible choices to historiographic methods that in simple terms locate evidence, ideology, and legitimization in those texts.

This ebook could be of curiosity to scholars specialising in Medieval and early smooth Islamic heritage, Islamic literature, and the background of faith.

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Download E-books Liberation Square: Inside the Egyptian Revolution and the Rebirth of a Nation PDF

Egypt

By Ashraf Khalil

A definitive, soaking up account of the Egyptian revolution, written by means of a Cairo-based Egyptian-American reporter for Foreign coverage and the days (London), who witnessed firsthand Mubarak's loss of life and the country's efforts to construct a democracy

In early 2011, the world's recognition used to be riveted on Cairo, the place after 3 a long time of supremacy, Hosni Mubarak was once pushed from strength. It used to be a revolution as quick because it was once explosive. For eighteen days, anger, defiance, and resurgent nationwide delight reigned within the streets---protestors of every age struck again opposed to police and kingdom defense, united towards the typical objective of liberation.

But the revolution was once greater than a spontaneous rebellion. It used to be the result of years of mounting stress, caused by a nation that shamelessly abused its authority, rigging elections, silencing competition, and violently attacking its electorate. whilst revolution bloomed within the quarter in January 2011, Egypt was once a rustic whose persistence had expired---with a humans all at once primed for liberation.

As a journalist dependent in Cairo, Ashraf Khalil was once an eyewitness to definitely the right typhoon that introduced down Mubarak and his regime. Khalil used to be subjected to rip fuel along protestors in Tahrir sq., slightly escaped an enraged mob, and witnessed the day by day advancements from the frontlines. From the halls of strength to the again alleys of Cairo, he bargains a distinctive examine a kingdom within the throes of an uprising.

Liberation Square is a revealing and dramatic examine the revolution that remodeled the fashionable background of 1 of the world's oldest civilizations.

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Download E-books Mecca of Revolution: Algeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order (Oxford Studies in International History) PDF

Egypt

By Jeffrey James Byrne

Mecca of Revolution lines the ideological and methodological evolution of the Algerian Revolution, displaying how an anticolonial nationalist fight culminated in self reliant Algeria's formidable schedule to reshape not just its personal society, yet foreign society too. during this paintings, Jeffrey James Byrne first examines the altering politics and overseas suggestions of the Algerian nationwide Liberation entrance (FLN) in the course of its conflict with France, together with the include of extra encompassing visions of "decolonization" that necessitated socio-economic transformation on a world scale alongside Marxist/Leninist/Fanonist/Maoist/Guevarian traces. After independence, the Algerians performed a number one position in Arab-African affairs in addition to the far-reaching 3rd international venture that challenged structural inequalities within the foreign process and the area economic climate, together with projects corresponding to the Non-Aligned circulate, the G77, and the Afro-Asian stream. while, Algiers, nicknamed the "Mecca of Revolution," grew to become a key nexus in an intercontinental transnational community of liberation activities, revolutionaries, and radical teams of assorted forms.

Drawing on unheard of entry to archival fabrics from the FLN, the self sufficient Algerian kingdom, and part a dozen different nations, Byrne narrates a postcolonial, or "South-South," overseas historical past. He situates dominant paradigms equivalent to the chilly battle within the higher context of decolonization and sheds new gentle at the relationships among the emergent elites of Africa, the center East, Asia, and Latin America.

Mecca of Revolution exhibits how 3rd Worldism advanced from a subversive transnational phenomenon right into a mode of elite cooperation that strengthened the authority of the post-colonial country. In so doing, the 3rd international stream performed a key position within the building of the totalizing overseas order of the late-twentieth century.

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Download E-books The Generalship Of Belisarius PDF

Egypt

By Major Anthony Brogna

This research reports the campaigns and battles of the 6th Century A. D. Byzantine common Belisarius, trying to extract universal threads of army concept and rules and delivering an research as to the appliance of his technique to today’s army operations. Belisarius gained impressive victories on 3 continents, usually struggling with opposed to overwhelming odds.

The research stories the area setting from the viewpoint of the jap Roman Empire besides the key personalities of the age. After a brief evaluate of the jap Roman Empire’s army constitution, the examine experiences chronologically, and analyzes Belisarius’ campaigns opposed to the Persians, the Vandals, and the Ostrogoths.

This learn concludes displaying that mastership of strategic and tactical inspiration, deception, mental struggle, better know-how and coaching, and elite forces have been one of the keys of Belisarius good fortune. eventually, those keys of luck are concerning modern-day army operations.

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Download E-books Egypt beyond Tahrir Square PDF

Egypt

On January 25, 2011, the world's eyes have been on Egypt's Tahrir sq. as thousands of individuals poured into town middle to name for the resignation of president Hosni Mubarak. due to the fact then, few students or reporters were given the chance to mirror at the national second of transformation and the wish that was once embodied via the Egyptian Revolution. during this vital and worthwhile quantity, top Egyptian lecturers and writers percentage their eyewitness reviews. They learn how occasions opened up with regards to key social teams and associations equivalent to the army, police, hard work, intellectuals, Coptic Christians, and the media; proportion the temper of the state; examine what occurred while 3 fresh regimes of Egyptian rule got here to an finish; and account for the dramatic upward push and fall of the Muslim Brotherhood. The members’ deep engagement with politics and society of their kingdom is clear and units this quantity except so much of what has been released in English in regards to the Arab Spring. the variety of perspectives introduced jointly here's a testomony to the contradictions and complexities of historic and political alterations that have an effect on Egypt and beyond.

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Download E-books Religious Difference in a Secular Age: A Minority Report PDF

Egypt

The plight of non secular minorities within the heart East is frequently attributed to the failure of secularism to take root within the quarter. Religious distinction in a mundane Age demanding situations this evaluate via reading 4 cornerstones of secularism--political and civil equality, minority rights, non secular freedom, and the criminal separation of non-public and public domains.

Drawing on her broad fieldwork in Egypt with Coptic Orthodox Christians and Bahais--religious minorities in a predominantly Muslim country--Saba Mahmood exhibits how smooth secular governance has exacerbated spiritual tensions and inequalities instead of lowered them. Tracing the ancient occupation of secular criminal techniques within the colonial and postcolonial center East, she explores how contradictions on the very center of political secularism have annoyed and amplified current different types of Islamic hierarchy, bringing minority family in Egypt to a brand new historic deadlock. via an in depth exam of Egyptian proceedings and constitutional debates approximately minority rights, conflicts round family members legislations, and controversies over freedom of expression, Mahmood invitations us to mirror at the entwined histories of secularism within the heart East and Europe.

A provocative paintings of scholarship, Religious distinction in a mundane Age demanding situations us to reconsider the promise and boundaries of the secular excellent of non secular equality.

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Download E-books Historic Cairo - A Walk through the Islamic City PDF

Egypt

Cairo comprises the best focus of Islamic monuments on this planet, and its mosques, mausolea, spiritual faculties, baths, and caravanserais, outfitted through fashionable consumers among the 7th and 19th centuries, are among the best in life. Jim Antoniou takes his readers on a guided stroll throughout the very center of ancient Cairo, between lots of its maximum architectural treasures. Illustrated all through with the author's personal specific maps and plans and full of life sketches, the stroll starts on the enormous gates within the north partitions of the Fatimid urban, follows the traditional thoroughfare of al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah south prior Khan al Khalili and al-Ghuriya to the road of the Tentmakers, turns left alongside the well-known Darb al-Ahmar of the Arabian Nights, and ends on the extraordinary mosque of Sultan Hasan on the foot of the fortress. Over 90 old structures alongside the way in which are pointed out and defined, lots of them open to viewers.

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Download E-books The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilizations) PDF

Egypt

Thus far, no complete remedy of Egyptian magic has keen on the perform of the magician. either normal experiences and textual courses have emphasised as a substitute the spiritual parts within the contents of recited spells, whereas the accompanying directions, with their vignettes and lists of fabrics, tools, and formality activities, remained uninvestigated. This examine represents the 1st severe exam of such "magical techniques," revealing their frequent visual appeal and pivotal importance for all Egyptian "religious" practices from the earliest sessions in the course of the Coptic period, influencing to boot the Greco-Egyptian magical papyri. the writer additionally discusses the "pagan-Egyptian" impression on outdated and New testomony practices and within the lives of the Coptic barren region Fathers. The 3rd version is a reprinting of the second one, which incorporated minor corrections from the unique variation. This quantity is an important revisionist method of historical Egyptian magic. due to a methodical research of either the textual and archaeological files, Ritner concludes that the limits among historic Egyptian magic, faith, and drugs weren't as strictly saw as sleek commentators think. in addition, he categorically denies the common makes an attempt of moderns to outline historical Egyptian magic as a phenomenon facing the supernatural, practiced essentially for nefarious reasons sub rosa via strictly saw as sleek commentators think. in addition, he categorically denies the widespread makes an attempt of moderns to outline historical Egyptian magic as a phenomenon facing the supernatural, practiced basically for nefarious reasons sub rosa by means of members outdoors of the non secular mainstream. Ritner's enticing prose sort and felicitous exegesis of even the main arcane fabric make for simple analyzing. yet extra very important nonetheless, the content material of the paintings guarantees that it'll turn into a necessary reference instrument for all engaged in any point of historic Egyptian faith. [From a assessment by means of R. S. Bianchi in magazine of the yank Oriental Society 114 (1994) 513-14].

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Download E-books Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (Historical Dictionaries of Africa) PDF

Egypt

By Robert S. Kramer

The Republic of the Sudan used to be lengthy the most important state in Africa and, based on the overall consensus, additionally one of many least profitable in lots of methods. This was once now not fullyyt its fault because it lay alongside the fault line among Muslim and Christian Africa and among the Nile Valley civilizations and African Sudanic cultures. This in part explains the lengthy and bloody struggle waged via the Southerners to accomplish independence, which they did in July 2011. So this hefty e-book really covers no longer one yet states.

This fourth version of the ancient Dictionary of the Sudan does so, first, via a long and specific chronology tracing its quite few successes and various mess ups. The introductory essay does an admirable activity of placing all of it in standpoint. however the such a lot informative half is the dictionary, with now over seven-hundred entries for this fourth version. They take care of vital personalities, politics, the economic system, society, tradition, faith and necessarily the civil conflict. There also are appendixes and an intensive bibliography.

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